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Preventing diabetic retinopathy

 

Preventing diabetic retinopathy:

Controlling blood sugar is the single most important thing a patient can do to prevent diabetic retinopathy.

Smoking aggravates the closure of retinal blood vessels and is very bad for patients with diabetes.

High blood pressure is very bad for people with diabetes and should be strictly controlled.

Regular eye examinations by an Ophthalmologist (at least yearly) are important in order to diagnose retinopathy early. Early laser treatment is much more effective. The severity of retinopathy is often related to the length of time the patient has had diabetes. Patients who has had diabetes for many years should be followed up more regularly.

Pregnancy often aggravates retinopathy and an eye examination is essential when a pregnancy is planned.