Poverty and food security are closely intertwined. For the rural poor in particular, food security requires increased food production, which relies on, among other factors, reliable access to water.
Providing sufficient water supplies can only be accomplished by measures, such as expanding irrigation systems, improving water-harvesting techniques, implementing water and soil conservation practices, introducing innovative and sustainable aquaculture production systems, introducing new drought resistant varieties, or some combination of all these techniques to achieve the multi-functionality of the new age agriculture.
Zimbabwe has vast unutilized natural water resources that can be easily converted to sustainable food baskets. Apart from the numerous large water bodies and countless smaller ones, the country is home to 6-shared river basins in the SADC region, coming second to Mozambique that has 9 of them.
Independent studies have indicated that 92% of the poorest households in Zimbabwe are found in the rural areas. Indicators are that lack of access to food is a major contributor to malnutrition and poverty in these communal areas.
There is a desperate need to introduce low cost freshwater aquaculture production systems to help rural communities’ combat poverty while at the same time conserving their environments in a sound manner.